Topic guides and how-tos#
These sections cover common operations and topics that are relevant to developing this theme.
Make a release#
This theme uses GitHub tags and releases to automatically push new releases to PyPI. For information on this process, see the release checklist.
package.json, and broken down into a few categories like
To update or add JS dependency, modify (or append to) the list of packages that are listed in each of these sections.
The next time you build the documentation (either with
nox or with
stb), these new dependencies will be installed and bundled with the theme.
Here are a few extra tips for using
nox command line documentation has a lot of helpful tips for extra functionality you can enable with the CLI.
To re-execute the installation commands, use this pattern:
$ nox -s docs -- reinstall
Or to completely remove the environment generated by
nox and start from scratch:
$ rm -rf .nox/docs
nox with your global environment#
If you’d like to use
nox with your global environment (the one from which you are calling
nox), you can do so with:
$ nox --force-venv-backend none # alternatively: $ nox --no-venv
none will re-use your current global environment.
the nox documentation for more details.
Here are a few tips for using
Skip the pre-commit checks#
Run the following command:
$ git commit --no-verify
Run pre-commit on all files#
pre-commit will run its checks on files that have been modified in a commit.
To instead run it on all files, use this command:
$ pre-commit run --all-files # Alternatively $ pre-commit run -a
Web assets (CSS/JS/Fonts)#
This theme includes several web assets to ease development and design.
The configuration for our asset compilation is in
Compile and bundle assets#
When assets are compiled, static versions are placed in various places in the theme’s static folder:
For many assets, a
<hash> is generated and appended to the end of its reference in the HTML templates of the theme.
This ensures the correct asset versions are served when viewers return to your
site after upgrading the theme.
To compile the assets and bundle them with the theme, run this command:
$ nox -s compile
Styles (SCSS) and Scripts (JS)#
There are two relevant places for CSS/JS assets:
src/pydata_sphinx_theme/assets/styleshas source files for SCSS assets. These will be compiled to CSS.
src/pydata_sphinx_theme/assets/scriptshas source files for JS assets. These will be compiled to JS and import several vendored libraries (like Bootstrap).
src/pydata_sphinx_theme/theme/pydata_sphinx_theme/statichas compiled versions of these assets (e.g. CSS files). This folder is not tracked in
.githistory, but it is bundled with the theme’s distribution.
We vendor several packages in addition to our own CSS and JS.
For example, Bootstrap, JQuery, and Popper.
This is configured in the
webpack.config.js file, and imported in the respective
JS file in our assets folder.
It is managed as a dependency in
Copied directly into the site statics at compilation, including licenses
Partially preloaded to reduce flicker and artifacts of early icon renders
Our Webpack build generates a collection of Jinja macros in the
These macros are imported in the main
layout.html file, and then inserted at various places in the page to link the static assets.
Some of the assets are “preloaded”, meaning that the browser begins requesting these resources before they’re actually needed.
<head>, and the scripts are actually loaded at the end of
The accessibility checking tools can find a number of common HTML patterns which assistive technology can’t help users understand.
In addition to Lighthouse
in CI, the
pa11y stack is installed as part of the development environment.
The key components are:
pa11y which uses a headless browser to analyze an HTML page with a configurable set of rules based on publish standards
pa11yon multiple pages
pa11y-reporter-html generates some nice HTML reports, suitable for review
Errors in CI/CD and what to do#
We have a list of known accessibility problems in the file
This contains a list of errors that we aim to fix in the future, and that do not cause tests to fail.
When a pa11y accessibility audit is run in our CI/CD, it checks for any errors that are not on this list, and if it finds them it will cause the job to error.
When you see an error in your CI/CD job, look at the logs under the
Run accessibility audit job.
You should see an output that looks like this:
JSON: /tmp/pa11y/pa11y-864/pa11y-ci-results.json Roadmap: /home/runner/work/pydata-sphinx-theme/pydata-sphinx-theme/docs/a11y-roadmap.txt not on roadmap: WCAG2AA.Principle2.Guideline2_4.2_4_1.G1,G123,G124.NoSuchID: 4 on roadmap: WCAG2AA.Principle1.Guideline1_3.1_3_1.H39.3.LayoutTable: 1 WCAG2AA.Principle1.Guideline1_3.1_3_1.H43,H63: 1 WCAG2AA.Principle1.Guideline1_3.1_3_1.H43.HeadersRequired: 1 WCAG2AA.Principle1.Guideline1_4.1_4_3.G18.Fail: 1828 WCAG2AA.Principle3.Guideline3_2.3_2_2.H32.2: 48 WCAG2AA.Principle4.Guideline4_1.4_1_2.H91.A.EmptyNoId: 9 passed: false total errors: 1892
The problems that caused an error are in the
not on roadmap section.
Anything that is “not on the roadmap” is an error we have unexpectedly introduced in the PR.
These should be identified and fixed.
Fix accessibility errors#
We keep a list of known accessibility issues in the
These are issues which are currently flagged by the toolset, but that have not yet
To start working on one of the accessibility roadmap items, comment out one of the
docs/a11y-roadmap.txt, and re-run the audit to establish a baseline.
Then, fix the issue in either the HTML templates, CSS, or python code, and re-run the audit until it is fixed.
Run an accessibility audit locally#
To run the accessibility problem finder locally:
$ nox -s compile # Compile the theme assets $ nox -s docs # Build the documentation $ python docs/scripts/a11y.py # Run a helper script for an accessibility audit
The output of the last command includes:
a short summary of the current state of the accessibility rules we are trying to maintain
local paths to JSON and HTML reports which contain all of the issues found
Update our kitchen sink documents#
The kitchen sink reference is for demonstrating as much syntax and style for Sphinx builds as possible.
It is copied directly from the
sphinx-themes.org documentation so that we use standardized reference docs compared with other communities.
The source files for these pages are stored in the
If you’d like to update our local files with any changes that have been made to the
sphinx-themes.org files, simply copy/paste those changes into our local files and make a commit.
Here’s a list of our pages and where they come from in
To demonstrate extra styles and syntax that is not in the Kitchen sink, use the Theme Elements reference.